Consultation
Consultation

Validating Comments

taoscopy
January 24, 2019

When I started studying the I Ching, I promptly realized that the hexagrams were describing situations. The comments associated with each hexagram and line either give proper advice, or describe the situation and eventually predict its outcome.

This is how I started studying, situation after situation, until I came to a stop because there were situations that I could not resolve, comments that I could not understand. 13.1 is one of these, I could never understand what it was about. At some point I could not progress anymore.

Then I have stopped studying the I Ching for 10 years, and when I returned (long story short) I asked the oracle to give me its own titles and comments for the hexagrams and the lines. The multiple lines comments came after. And then, many of the lines I could not understand appeared much clearer, but at the same time some situations that I thought I was understanding crystal clear became less obvious, for example 8.1.

So there were some gains and some losses, but overall, my understanding of the I Ching has tremendously evolved. And then I've wondered if it was possible to prove these comments to be true, how would I proceed to do that?

Two ways of validating comments

One can validate comments and titles by using structure or readings. If you choose to validate them with the hexagram structure, you don' t rely on anything else than the other comments for different hexagrams. Validation with readings suppose that you have access to a large base of readings, preferably with enough background and also the outcome, what happened in the end. Such base exists on the internet, but you can also use your own readings if you have enough and documented them sufficiently.

Validation with structure

When I was a young I Ching student, I was annoyed by 63.4 because it was warning of a danger but didn't propose a solution.

The finest clothes turn to rags.
Be careful all day long.

It is fine and dandy that I should be careful all day long, but there should be something to do about it, don't you think? I've read more about it in Richard Wilhelm and Da Liu's books, and I got some hints about a boat having leaks that one could fix with rags, and also about the bottom of a dress getting wet. So, I reflected that if the boat presents leaks, it would be better to take another or at least to put it on a dry dock to fix it rather than using rags. Likewise, if the bottom of my clothes get wet, I can return home and change them. And then I considered that 49.4 could be the "solution" of 63.4.

Remorse disappears. Men believe him.
Changing the form of government brings good fortune.

49.4 is this kind of situation when you tidy up your room and change the place of every piece of furniture. It's a great way to find old coins and lost papers. So, if your boat has leaks, putting it on a dry dock is very 49.4.

It turns out that 63.4 becomes 49, I've later learned that 49.4 is called the Fan Yao of 63.4. And then I wondered if each line's Fan Yao was the "solution" or the "remedy" of the said line. That would be a great way to validate line comment's don't you think?

But before doing that we should consider unchanging hexagrams first.

Unchanging hexagrams

Oftentimes, people don't understand unchanging hexagrams. What do they mean exactly? They have so many meanings!

Complementaries

There is something very simple to do about it: consider the complementary hexagram. Let's take the hexagrams 29 and 30 as example :

29
29 - K’ân, l’abîme

K’ān : danger, précipice, caverne. — Tsa k’ān : courir de grands risques ; s’exposer au danger pour un autre.

Texte

La droiture, le coeur fidèle et attaché, réussit ; ses actes ont de l’éclat s’il persévère malgré le danger.

Symbolisme

L’eau s’étendant au loin (deux fois eau) forme le Koua. Le sage, d’une vertu constante, agit vertueusement et s’applique à l’enseignement. Il répand ses biens comme l’eau.

Commentaire

Tsa k’ān est un danger grave. L’eau débordant, mais ne remplissant pas tout (que figure le Koua), représente les dangers courus sans qu’on perde sa fidélité constante. Le coeur attaché réussit ; quand la force garde le milieu, tout ce qu’on fait est bon et méritoire. Le ciel a ses dangers qu’on ne peut surmonter. La terre a les siens dans les montagnes, les fleuves et les ravins. Les rois et princes arrangent les choses dangereuses de manière à sauvegarder leurs États. Le moment du danger est bien grave.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
29 - THE KHAN HEXAGRAM.

Khan, here repeated, shows the possession of sincerity, through which the mind is penetrating. Action (in accordance with this) will be of high value.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
29 - La profondeur

Quand les problèmes sont trop difficiles, on essaie de les contourner.

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29 - Depth

When problems are too difficult, one tries to work around them.

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29 - Depth

When problems are too difficult, one tries to work around them.

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29 - Mélység

Ha a problémák túl nehezek, meg kell próbálni kikerülni őket.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

29 represents darkness, difficulties, danger and depth. It is quite easy to understand Now that we have understood that, we can infer the properties of hexagram 30: light, security, easiness, because 29 and 30 are complementaries.

30
30 - Lî, le feu

: éclat, brillant, bel extérieur, succès.

Texte

Beauté, « bel extérieur », se développe et s’achève comme dans l’élevage d’un animal domestique (qui, bien soigné, est gras, beau, luisant).

Symbolisme

La lumière du soleil doublée (en dessus et en dessous) forme le Koua. Le grand homme fait ainsi briller ses qualités de plus en plus dans les quatre régions.


Commentaire

Le soleil et la lune brillent dans le ciel ; les grains, les plantes brillent sur la terre. Un double éclat brille dans tout ce qui est droit et juste et transforme, en le perfectionnant, tout ce qui existe ici-bas.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
30 - THE LÎ HEXAGRAM.

Lî indicates that, (in regard to what it denotes), it will be advantageous to be firm and correct, and that thus there will be free course and success. Let (its subject) also nourish (a docility like that of) the cow, and there will be good fortune.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
30 - La lucidité

La patience amène la réussite.

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30 - Lucidity

Patience leads to success.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
30 - Lucidity

Patience leads to success.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
30 - Világosság

A türelem sikert terem.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

And it is true that many of the lines of hexagram 30 relate to security, specially line 3 and line 6. On the other hand, the hexagram 30 has been named Lucidity by the oracle, so 29 must be about confusion, it works both ways.

We can understand hexagram 30 just by reflecting on hexagram 29. While it is true for any hexagram pairs, some are harder to get than others.

Some of the "easy" ones other than 29 & 30 are 1 & 2, 63 & 64, and also 11 & 12. We can also easily understand 19 & 33 since one is named (Wilhelm) Approach and the other Retreat. However it is much more difficult to get some of the pairs such as 3 & 50, 8 & 14, 9 & 16, 26 & 45. They require thorough attention and I am far from being able to validate them all. As of today, I have been able to validate 8 & 14 by following the oracle's titles: Selecting recruits for 8 and Meeting demands for 14. This is how comments and titles can be validated, by considering the complementary and this is why you cannot put any name in front of an hexagram, because it has to match its complementary.

The hexagrams 41 & 42 form a kind of exception here, since they represent decreasing and increasing but are not complementary of each other. The reason can be found in hexagram 42, for it is not about being increased but about increasing others. By decreasing others one gains in influence (31), by increasing others they make them last longer (32). You can get the picture by considering a pile of sand. When shoveling it, you decrease the pile (41) and gain some sand (31), then you would drop it (42) at it's resting place (32). 41 & 42 are said to be mirror hexagrams.

As I was consulting the I Ching to get the hexagram titles, when I reached the hexagram 61, one of the first readings I got was 63.4. I took it as a warning, because the hexagram 61 is traditionally called Inner Truth, it is a beautiful concept and as such the hexagram 61 is the favorite hexagram of many, even though they don't get it always. The oracle was warning me that it would turn into something ugly, and I finally got Immobilized as title. This was causing two problems for me, the first was that it was conflicting with hexagram 52 (Keeping Still) and the second being that hexagram 61 is usually interpreted as trust. Now there are arguments in favor of Immobilized. The first is that it looks like a cage, the second is that Immobilized is the complementary of 62, which represents a bird flying, so is about mobility. The oracle gave me Exiting as title for 62, which confirms 61 as being Immobilized. 61 being the cage, 62 is the bird and we can recognize that love happens when the bird (soul) gets caught into the cage (heart). This is how we can find Inner Truth again, despite the difficulties. Even if someone disagrees about the titles of 61 & 62, we can see clearly that they fit into the complementary scheme. And if someone would like to propose different titles, or even keep Inner Truth and Preponderance of the Small, then they would have to show how inner truth is a complementary idea of the small being in excess, good luck with that!

Nuclear hexagrams

Another great way of validating an unchanging hexagram and its comments is by considering the nuclear hexagram. The nuclear hexagram is the hexagram formed by the two inner trigrams of the starting hexagram. That is, when you have an hexagram, take the lines 2,3,4 then 3,4,5 and you will get its nuclear hexagram. As I understand it, the nuclear hexagram represents the root or the origin of the situation. For the hexagram 29, the nuclear hexagram would be 27:

27
27 - I, l’alimentation

Ī : 1. Entretenir, soutenir ; 2. Menton, côté de la bouche ; 3. Profond.

Texte

Entretenir : achève heureusement. (Il faut) examiner soigneusement comment on entretient. On doit chercher soi-même ce qui est bon pour sa bouche.

Symbolisme

Une montagne au-dessus du tonnerre (image de celui qui réprime ses désirs, restreint ses tendances). Le sage s’observe ainsi en ses paroles et modère l’usage des aliments.

Commentaire

Entretenir sa rectitude est cause de bonheur. On doit examiner ce que l’on entretient et ce qui doit nous entretenir. Le ciel et la terre entretiennent tout ; le saint entretient la sagesse pour atteindre par eux tous les peuples. Grande est l’opportunité de l’entretien.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
27 - THE Î HEXAGRAM.

Î indicates that with firm correctness there will be good fortune (in what is denoted by it). We must look at what we are seeking to nourish, and by the exercise of our thoughts seek for the proper aliment.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
27 - L'alimentation

On alimente selon la nécessité.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
27 - Supply

One supplies as needed.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
27 - Supply

One supplies as needed.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
27 - Ellátás

Ellát a szükségletek szerint.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

There is a lot to say about the nuclear hexagrams. Here we can understand that feeding oneself creates difficulties. Among the 64 hexagrams, four hexagrams have 27 as nuclear (the three others being 59, 60 and 61). So there are four possibilities given a root situation. There are sixteen nuclears of the first level, and those sixteen nuclears have four nuclears of the second level, which are 1, 2, 63 and 64. 1 & 2 being their own nuclears, 63 & 64 being the nuclear of the other. So, the need for supplies (hunger) limits us (60), creates difficulties (29), causes separation (59) and is a cause of immobilization (or capture, 61). Again, given an hexagram and its nuclear, the titles and comments need to match. This is how we can ensure that comments are valid.

Single changing line

As I have already explained, the Fan Yao is a very interesting line of research when it comes to validating line comments. Naturally it has to work for every line, and not just for 63.4 & 49.4. So, can we find other examples ?

Fan Yao

A relatively easy one is 16.1:

16.1 (16 > 51)
16.1 (16 > 51) - Yù, la ferveur

: 1. Dignité, majesté ; 2. Aise, satisfaction, jouissance.

Une dignité qui se manifeste bruyamment (ou bien : une jouissance
bruyante, 2e sens) est chose funeste.

La volonté s’épuise.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
16.1 (16 > 51) - THE YÜ HEXAGRAM.

The first line, divided, shows its subject proclaiming his pleasure and satisfaction. There will be evil.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
16.1 (16 > 51) - Se faire doucher

Quand on débute en montrant sa confiance on revient avec de la gêne.

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16.1 (16 > 51) - Quenching one's enthusiasm

When one starts by showing their confidence they come back with embarrassment.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
16.1 (16 > 51) - Quenching one's enthusiasm

When one starts by showing their confidence they come back with embarrassment.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
16.1 (16 > 51) - Fiatalság

Ha valaki túlzott önbizalommal indul, szégyenkezve jön vissza.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

Enthusiasm that expresses itself
Brings misfortune.

This situation is quite well understood. We are enthusiastic about something, then get disappointed. So, let say I have been enthusiastic about a new singer, then my friends may tell me that this singer is worthless and they don't like this kind of music. This is how 16.1 works. Is there anyway I can fix this issue?

51.1 (51 > 16)
51.1 (51 > 16) - Kán, l’ébranlement

Kán : tonnerre, effroi répandu, crainte.

Le tonnerre approchant, on est plein d’effroi ; puis, quand il est passé, on sourit et on parle tous ensemble (on passe de la crainte à la joie).

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
51.1 (51 > 16) - THE KĂN HEXAGRAM.

The first line, undivided, shows its subject, when the movement approaches, looking out and around with apprehension, and afterwards smiling and talking cheerfully. There will be good fortune.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex


Shock comes–oh, oh!
Then follow laughing words–ha, ha!
Good fortune.

OK, I have been enthusiastic, and it turned wrong but I can still joke about it. This is how I can revert misfortune into fortune.

Another is 35.4:

35.4 (35 > 23)
35.4 (35 > 23) - Ts’in, le progrès

Ts’in : avancer, croître, grandir.

Avancer comme un rat (plein de cupidité et de crainte) est chose dont on doit se garder.

C’est quand on cherche une position qui ne convient pas.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
35.4 (35 > 23) - THE 3IN HEXAGRAM.

The fourth line, undivided, shows its subject with the appearance of advancing, but like a marmot. However firm and correct he may be, the position is one of peril.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
35.4 (35 > 23) - Becoming a goner if the others were to learn

One conceals oneself to escape from difficulties.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
35.4 (35 > 23) - Becoming a goner if the others were to learn

One conceals oneself to escape from difficulties.

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35.4 (35 > 23) - Felfedezés

Titkolózik hogy elkerülje a nehézségeket.

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Progress like a hamster.
Perseverance brings danger.

We have someone hiding here. What can be done about it? The answer is 23.4:

23.4 (23 > 35)
23.4 (23 > 35) - Poh, l’écroulement

Poh : opprimer, renverser, traiter durement.

Renverser son lit en s’écorchant, en se nuisant à soi-même, destruction certaine, calamité proche.

Suite de la gradation, en renversant on se blesse

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
23.4 (23 > 35) - THE PO HEXAGRAM

The fourth line, divided, shows its subject having overthrown the couch, and (going to injure) the skin (of him who lies on it). There will be evil.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
23.4 (23 > 35) - Direct attack

One does not want to tolerate any more.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
23.4 (23 > 35) - Direct attack

One does not want to tolerate any more.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
23.4 (23 > 35) - Lepusztulás

Nem akar elviselni többé.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

The bed is split up to the skin.
Misfortune.

23.4 represents a direct attack. For example if a thief is hiding stolen goods, a search warrant would let the policemen find them. Note that the reverse is also true. If you are scared about a direct attack (23.4), then hiding yourself (35.4) is the way to go.

I have used here Wilhelm's comments but I have naturally in mind Taoscopy's comments. But before we look at them please let me introduce you other ideas about these changing lines.

Derived, Juncture and Reciprocal

It's only recently that I have learned about those lines, in a post at onlineclarity.co.uk mentioning a line path. The idea is quite similar to the Fan Yao in that any hexagram line has connections. Let's examine the line 1 of hexagram 28 to see what it is about, and let's see if we can validate Taoscopy's comments with these lines.

28.1 (28 > 43)
28.1 (28 > 43) - Tá kvoh, le grand excès

Tá kvoh : 1. Grand excès, défaut, manquement ; 2. Traverser, dépasser.

Ceci est susceptible de deux explications : a. « S’appuyer sur des joncs » est un grand défaut ; ils plient et ne soutiennent pas. b. Pour placer un objet comme natte à offrande, se servir de mao blanc est fautif.

Note. Au lieu de gratter simplement la terre et l’aplanir.

(Le mao blanc représente la pureté, la droiture, kiet tche. Ceci d’après le commentaire représente un excès de précaution. Kwéh hu weï shin (1er sens).

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.1 (28 > 43) - THE TÂ KWO HEXAGRAM.

The first line, divided, shows one placing mats of the white mâo grass under things set on the ground. There will be no error.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.1 (28 > 43) - Renforcer les soutiens

On veut améliorer à cause de la faiblesse.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.1 (28 > 43) - Strengthening supports

One wants to improve because of the weakness.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.1 (28 > 43) - Reinforcing supports

One wants to improve because of the weakness.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.1 (28 > 43) - Lemondás

Fejlődni akar a gyengeség miatt.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

There is nothing too controversial here, since the comment matches the classical version:

To spread white rushes underneath.
No blame.

The Fan Yao of 28.1 is 43.1, and there the classical comment and Taoscopy's comment do not match.

Derived (Fan Yao)

43.1 (43 > 28)
43.1 (43 > 28) - Kwài, la décision

Kwāi : 1. Rivière divisée en branches ; diviser, couper, disperser ; 2. Décider, régler définitivement, résolu, tranchant ; 3. Habileté, art, prudence.

Celui qui marche en faisant parade de sa force échouera dans ses entreprises. Il aura à s’en repentir.
Vaincu, il s’en ira plein de regret.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
43.1 (43 > 28) - THE KWÂI HEXAGRAM.

The first line, undivided, shows its subject in (the pride of) strength advancing with his toes. He goes forward, but will not succeed. There will be ground for blame.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
43.1 (43 > 28) - Réduire son empreinte

On risque la rupture en affichant ses préférences. On doit faire profil bas.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
43.1 (43 > 28) - Reducing one's footprint

There is a risk of rupture by displaying one's preferences. One must keep a low profile.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
43.1 (43 > 28) - Reducing one's footprint

There is a risk of rupture by displaying one's preferences. One must keep a low profile.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
43.1 (43 > 28) - Kinyilatkoztatás

Fennál a veszélye a törésnek ha megmutatja beállítottságát. Kerülni kell a feltűnést.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

There is a risk of rupture by displaying one's preferences. One must keep a low profile.

Mighty in the forward-striding toes.
When one goes and is not equal to the task,
One makes a mistake.

So, my theory is that the Fan Yao (which I used to name Derived) is the "solution" or the "remedy" to 28.1. Now it sounds strange, because 28.1 is about strengthening something, so why would I want a solution to that? This is why I have enclosed the word in double quotes, it's a "solution".

As we see it here, 43.1 is about exerting pressure on a single point. This can be a cause of rupture. In the classical comments, we also see the pressure caused by being mighty in the toes. So, you would prevent risks of rupture by reinforcing the whole, and you would fight the reinforcement by exerting pressure on a single point. This is how the line and its Fan Yao respond one to another. There is great insight to obtain by studying the Fan Yao.

Reciprocal

28.6 (28 > 44)
28.6 (28 > 44) - Tá kvoh, le grand excès

Tá kvoh : 1. Grand excès, défaut, manquement ; 2. Traverser, dépasser.

Traversant un fleuve, y entrer jusqu’au sommet de la tête est chose dangereuse, (mais peut n’être point blâmable, si on le fait pour aider quelqu’un, d’après le Com.) (3e sens). Force défaillante.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.6 (28 > 44) - THE TÂ KWO HEXAGRAM.

The topmost line, divided, shows its subject with extraordinary (boldness) wading through a stream, till the water hides the crown of his head. There will be evil, but no ground for blame.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.6 (28 > 44) - Perdre ses repères

On veut continuer seul à cause de la faiblesse de son entourage.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.6 (28 > 44) - Losing one's bearings

One wants to continue alone because of the weakness of one's entourage.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.6 (28 > 44) - Losing one's bearings

One wants to continue alone because of the weakness of one's entourage.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
28.6 (28 > 44) - Lemondás

Egyedül akar haladni a környezők gyengesége miatt.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

One wants to continue alone because of the weakness of one's entourage.

The Reciprocal is the line that you obtain if you flip the hexagram upside down. In the case of 28 we still get 28 since the hexagram 28 is symmetric.

We can see here that it goes the opposite way: instead of strengthening the weakest element, it is abandoned and left behind.

The Juncture is the Fan Yao of the Reciprocal, it can be seen as a kind of middle ground between 28.1 and 28.6.

Juncture

44.6 (44 > 28)
44.6 (44 > 28) - Keú, la rencontre

Keú : épouser, accoupler ; unir, attacher ; rencontrer inopinément.

Avoir la tresse liée est chose fâcheuse. (Il s’agit de la jeune fille ; tant qu’elle a la tresse liée c’est qu’elle n’est pas mariée et en est peu satisfaite.) 
Avoir une grandeur qui se perd, se détruit.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
44.6 (44 > 28) - THE KÂU HEXAGRAM.

The sixth line, undivided, shows its subject receiving others on his horns. There will be occasion for regret, but there will be no error.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
44.6 (44 > 28) - Rejeter toute entente

On demande à ses proches d'attendre car on n'est pas prêt.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
44.6 (44 > 28) - Rejecting any agreement

One asks one's relatives to wait because one is not ready.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
44.6 (44 > 28) - Rejecting any agreement

One asks one's relatives to wait because one is not ready.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
44.6 (44 > 28) - Meghívás

Kéri a hozzátartozóit hogy várjanak mert még nincs készen.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

There is here a period of uncertainty, the weak element has been spotted but there is no decision taken between strengthening it or abandoning it.

As with the complementaries, these connections can be easy or difficult to grasp. But they are nonetheless helpful because they help us understanding a given line and its associated situation. Before looking at the multiple lines, let's examine another example, with 22.3:

22.3 (22 > 27)
22.3 (22 > 27) - Pî, la grâce

Pi : 1. Éclat, rayon, orner ; 2. Exercer, rendre fort.

Ce qui est bien en ordre (pi) et bien disposé intérieurement aura un développement constamment heureux, ne subira aucun tort (pi).

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
22.3 (22 > 27) - THE PÎ HEXAGRAM.

The third line, undivided, shows its subject with the appearance of being adorned and bedewed (with rich favours). But let him ever maintain his firm correctness, and there will be good fortune.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
22.3 (22 > 27) - Making the pleasure last

One does not want to finish too fast.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
22.3 (22 > 27) - Making the pleasure last

One does not want to finish too fast.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex
22.3 (22 > 27) - Tartalék

Nem akarja elsietni a befejezést.

Bing DeepL Google Yandex

Graceful and moist.
Constant perseverance brings good fortune.

Derived (Fan Yao)

27.3 (27 > 22) - Depriving oneself of food

27 - Depriving oneself of food

One neglects their supply.

Again, we can see here that the "solution" to not finishing too fast is to neglect your supply, and the "solution" to having neglected your supply is to use whatever is left slowly.

Reciprocal

21.4 (21 > 27) - Claiming one's due

21 - Claiming one's due

One asks what one believes that one deserves for one's trouble.

Rather than living on reserves, the subject here prefers asking for payment.

Juncture

27.4 (27 > 21) - Searching for the best solution

27 - Searching for the best solution

One considers the possibilities.

Again, the middle ground and indecision here, we can consider living on reserves or asking for payment.

Multiple changing lines

While I have obtained comments from the Oracle for the 4096 situations of the I Ching, these comments still need to be validated, essentially for three reasons. The first is that I have made mistakes, the second is that I don't understand them all, and the third is that you may not believe that these are the right comments, and thus need some kind of proof.

When it comes to multiple lines, there is no definitive method of interpretation. One option is to use the hexagrams names to make a sentence. For example, if you get 20 (View) > 30 (Lucidity) you could as "Seeing light" or "Seeing clearly". There are also multiple methods for the interpretation of multiple lines, such as the Nanjing rules or the transitional method.

There is another method that I use here, and that I have called the "Pivot Method", which consist of taking one line and amend it with the other lines. I have written several posts about this method already, I am not going to detail all the different methods here, but we can look at the pivot method, and see how we can validate comments with it.

The pivot method

This method consists of taking the topmost line of the hexagram, which we can call the "Ruler", and amending it with the situation formed by the other lines. Hilary Barrett had come to a similar method last year but seems to have abandoned it since. It is a very simple and natural approach, which has some level of recognition for two changing lines.

Thus, in our example 20 > 30 has the following title and comment:

20.1.3.4.5 (20 > 30)

20 - View

20 > 30 - Reading the headlines

One focuses on the most convincing elements.

Reading the headlines, why not after all? But, is this a random comment or can we validate it with the pivot method?

So, with the pivot method we would read line 5's comment, then amend it with the comment for 20.1.3.4.

Ruler

20.5 (20 > 23) - Refreshing the memory

20 - Refreshing the memory

One explains to others what they already know.

Correction

20.1.3.4 (20 > 13) - Studying the situation

20 - Studying the situation

One looks at what the others have done to know what is left to be done.

I have already said that this method is not definitive, but it is very promising anyway. The biggest problem is caused by line 5, how can you explain to others what they already know when they read headlines? It does not seem to make sense. The correction also brings an issue, how would you study the situation when you read headlines? You would rather read the headlines, then study the situation by reading the whole article. And while you read the article, you already know what it is about since you have read the headline, thus, retrospectively, 20.5 makes sense here. This situation is about reading an article after having read the headlines. Maybe I will be able to refine the title later, but the comment is right on track One focuses on the most convincing elements. We have chosen an article to read after reading the headlines.

This method is not definitive because we have yet to take into account the transformation (some modern I Ching's students call it the related hexagram). In 20 > 30 it does not seem to matter that much, but there are situations where it weights heavily.

Here is another example with only two changing lines:

33.3.4 (33 > 20)

33 - S'éloigner

33 > 20 - Defending one's nest

One promises one's children to do everything possible to get them out of the situation.

This comment is what I got from asking the Oracle. How does it relate to the changing lines, and we can explain it with the pivot method?

Ruler

33.4 (33 > 53) - Moving away

33 - Moving away

Leaving to succeed alone: one has to be competent.

Correction

33.3 (33 > 12) - Moving away

33 - Moving away

Getting assistance from those who are coming in.

First, we interpret the line 4: someone is in a position where they can succeed without help. Without the help of what? The help of what is described in line 3: from outside. Thus, it means that someone relies only on their own and refuses outside assistance. What the final comment suggests here, is that there is a competition between line 3 and line 4: not only line 4 does not want the help of line 3 but line 3 is seen as a competitor, so it is about defending oneself from rivals. The children here can be seen as one's works who are endangered by line 3.

This example shows how limited is the pivot method. We may use it to validate a comment, but it won't tell us definitely what it is about.

Finally, let's examine an example where the transformation can be seen in the resulting comment:

33.1.2.3.4.5 (33 > 41)

33 - Moving away

33 > 41 - Being part of the court

One criticizes the weak more than the powerful.

Ruler

33.5 (33 > 56) - Returning to the majority

33 - Returning to the majority

One stops searching alone.

Correction

33.1.2.3.4 (33 > 61) - Playing with nerves

33 - Playing with nerves

One encroaches on the line of demarcation without creating a significant incident.

While we can see the criticism in 33 > 61 and the court in 33.5, the opposition weak/powerful comes directly from the hexagram 41, because 41 shows a situation where the powerful takes something from the weak. This is why the pivot method is not sufficient to explain a situation, but it gives solid clues nonetheless.

41

41 - Remove

41 - Remove

One loses their support and abandons. Accepting the constraints will arouse sympathy.

Validation with readings

The best theories don't always resist Reality. To be valid, a comment has to help interpretation and give comprehensive results. There are many readings on the internet, you can find them on social networks (such as reddit or Twitter), you can find them on forums (such as Taoscopy or onlineclarity.co.uk), you can find them in I Ching's books, and you can naturally find them in your own records.

In the French translation of Richard Wilhelm's I Ching, the translator, Etienne Perrot, has written a short tutorial on how to consult the I Ching. The question being "What is the usefulness of the instructions I am writing?" When I saw it the first time, I was baffled because he received 29.1.3 > 5, and I thought at the time that it was a very negative reading.

He must have been embarrassed himself since his short interpretation is only about the hexagrams. However, when reading the comment for 29.1.3, here is what we get:

29.1.3 (29 > 5)

29 - Depth

29 > 5 - Repeating the demonstration

One presents facts that others have already experienced.

This is what I call a spot on answer. In his interpretation, he has stressed on the importance of sincerity. And his sincerity is rewarded now, since we can make sense of the reply he got.

I could go on and quote a lot of threads, however some have personal content and can be embarrassing. So let's stick to general questions.

While I could go and plunder the other I Ching's sites, there are a few daily readings on Taoscopy's forum. At that time (2015) I didn't have the comments for multiple lines, so we can have a second look here:

Daily reading: 5.1.3 (Fukushima: Up to 100% of No. 2 reactor fuel may have melted)

http://taoscopy.com/forum/english-discussion/i-ching-discussion/interpretation/107-daily-reading-5-1-3-fukushima-up-to-100-of-no-2-reactor-fuel-may-have-melted

The original link is gone but the situation is well known. We got 5.1.3 for this daily reading.

5.1.3 (5 > 29)

5 - Hope

5 > 29 - Hope

One expected better conditions than those that occurred.

Again, the comment is spot on. We have a follow up question in the thread that contains multiple lines.

Who/what become distant? -> 25.1.6 > 45

25.1.6 (25 > 45)

25 - Carelessness

25 > 45 - Earning respect

One  takes advantage of an unstable situation by taking protective measures.

Again, this is spot on. The lack of protective measures is pointed out here.

Validating controversial comments

While comments about multiple lines have no equivalent, some comments for the hexagrams and changing lines can be controversial when they don't match closely the classical ones. The most difficult of all is probably 8.1. So, what about examining it?

8.1 (8 > 3)

8 - Selecting recruits

8 > 3 - Coming from the other side

One is tired of the delays caused by checks, so one modestly asks the other to come back to finish what they have started, when they are done showing their results to others.

Hold to him in truth and loyalty;
This is without blame.
Truth, like a full earthen bowl:
Thus in the end
Good fortune comes from without.

In the second part of Wilhelm's book, we can see a comment related to "Coming from the other side", but for the rest, the comments do not match. So, what are we going to do? We just need to check if the line makes sense in regard with the Fan Yao, the Juncture and the Reciprocal:

3.1 (3 > 8) - Resolving difficulties

3 - Resolving difficulties

When others ask for help, if one accepts despite the constraints, they set an example.

Juncture

4.6 (4 > 7) - Questioning

4 - Questioning

Dismiss those who cross the line.

Reciprocal

7.6 (7 > 4) - Restoring discipline

7 - Restoring discipline

It is time to restore order after action and for that one will need people who are willing to do what one commands.

We have seen that the Fan Yao is the "remedy" of a given line. In 8.1 (as expressed here) the subject is waiting for the results of checks. It can be for example a medical examination. In our example, while the subject is waiting the doctor or the nurse is showing the results to someone else. At some point the examination will be over and the medical visit will resume.

What is the remedy for that? Instead of being studied, the subject is being helped, the constraint being that without examination it is difficult to help.

The Reciprocal 7.6 shows a situation where order needs to be restored, while in 8.1 order is in the process of being restored. Also in 8.1 the subject is in a position of weakness when in 7.6 the subject has won the war.

The juncture 4.6 shows a middle ground between 8.1 and 7.6, things must not be taken too far.

I would not be surprised if you are not convinced as of now, because as already said, 8.1 is certainly the most difficult line to validate. A line that is usually well understood by I Ching's students is 8.5, so we could check 8.1.5's comment against the pivot method and see if it makes sense:

8.1.5 (8 > 24)

8 - Selecting recruits

8 > 24 - Moving the lines

One has succeeded to turn the situation around in their favor.

Ruler

8.5 (8 > 2) - Selecting the most dedicated ones

8 - Selecting the most dedicated ones

Show what selection is: only take those who want to come, others can leave.

Correction

8.1 (8 > 3) - Coming from the other side

8 - Coming from the other side

One is tired of the delays caused by checks, so one modestly asks the other to come back to finish what they have started, when they are done showing their results to others.

In the comment for 8 > 24, we clearly see the weight of 24. 8.5 is well understood: those who do not volunteer can leave. What does 8.1 apply to? To those who have left, or to those who volunteer? While I don't have a definitive answer here, the study of the comments show that it has to be those who have left, who then are asked to return. Thus the situation has been turned around in the subject's favor.

We can also validate 8.1 with readings. Unfortunately, while I have found a few examples, they are a bit too personal or don't have enough background to be presented here

Conclusion

In this post we have seen different ways of validating comments. If you have any doubt about a comment, if it is an unchanging hexagram examine it's complementary, if it is a single line, look at the Fan Yao and the Reciprocal, and if it is a multiple line comments, check it with the pivot method. And at any rate, always verify with readings giving the same hexagram.

We have also seen with 8.1 that it is not possible, as of now, to validate every comment. More work has to be done.

But to conclude on a spiritual note I would like to show you something. We have seen that the complementary hexagram can be used to validate an unchanging hexagram name (or title) and comment. But yet, the oracle has given me very different names for 1&2. 1 is named Evolution while 2 is named Obedience. At first, I have seen Evolution as a way to settle the dispute between creationists and evolutionists, since 1 is usually named "The creative". We can also see that giving different names to the hexagrams help us understand them better, because if 1&2 had been named "The emitter" and "The receiver" then we would not gain much knowledge here. But recently I have found another way to explain these meanings. It is a quote from Sri Ma Anandamayi in Bhaiji's book.

Mother said on one occasion, "The one Eternal Word is the prime cause of the universe; with the evolution of that ever-abiding Word, the progress of the material life of creation goes on in parallel lines."

The evolution of the divine word is represented by hexagram 1 while the obedience of material life is represented by hexagram 2.

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